Why is the United States attacking Syria? After all United States and Syria do not even share a common boundary to have a territorial conflict. Syria has not wronged United States anyway that US will come all the way from its American continent to Middle East (West Asia for us Indians) to punish it with a military strike. Yet top leaders of United States are making war sounds and Russia’s detection of ballistic missiles on 3rd September totally took the world by storm. Why is the United States attacking Syria?
The United States is attacking Syria because Syrian government allegedly used chemical weapons against its own people in August, 2013 which led to considerable number of deaths. This was reportedly not the first instance of chemical weapons use by the Syrian government as it has been deploying banned cluster bombs and chemical weapons since the onset of the country’s civil war. Use of chemical weapons on 21st August led to the crossing of the ‘red line’ set by the United States for Syria and thus United States and its allies in the western world decided to punish the Syrian regime by attacking it. All the western countries are right now seeking approval from their respective people for the attack. The attack when materializes will typically consist of a regime change which means current President of Syria Bashar al-Assad will be dethroned and a western-style democracy will be installed in Syria.
The Syrian Conflict
The Syrian Conflict is actually a civil war taking place in Syria since 2011. The war started within the larger Arab spring movement in the Middle East. The main players are the rebels who are demanding ouster of Assad and his Ba’athist Party and the Syrian army which is on the direction of Assad is unleashing violent attacks on the rebels. This conflict might look internal but it is interesting to note that Assad has military support from Russia and Iran while rebels are being supported by Qatar and Saudi Arabia. The conflict is a real murky one with rebels and the regime accusing each other of sectarianism. Assad belongs to the minority Alawite sect of Islam while rebels are majorly Sunni. The conflict also involves a number of non-state parties such as Hezbollah who have flocked to the conflict to be on the side of their respective ideologies.
It is important to note that it may look like United States is entering the war only now to dethrone Assad but in fact, United States has been aiding the rebels militarily to fight him. Also one of the ways that US is now promulgating to enter the war is by stepping up the support for Syrian rebels.
Thus to sum up as to why the United States is attacking Syria, one can say US is not attacking Syrian people but Syrian regime so that Assad is ousted from power militarily and a western-style democracy is installed in the country.